US: Mystery Bird Flu Baffles Scientists

bird flu

A mystery bird flu virus – H5N2 – has recently ravaged much of the United States’ population of chickens and turkeys. So far, in the Midwest alone, the  bird flu has seen producers lose over 20 million birds despite heightened bio security measures.  These birds produce much of the poultry and eggs for the entire United States.

Scientists are also puzzled by the apparent lack of widespread deaths in the mainly largely unprotected backyard flocks.

Tribe Live Business:

Scientists at the Department of Agriculture, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other federal agencies are puzzled by the H5N2 virus’ spread — even amid heightened biosecurity measures — and apparent lack of widespread deaths in largely unprotected backyard flocks.

“At this point, we don’t know very much about these viruses because they’ve only recently been identified,” Dr. Alicia Fry, the CDC’s leader of the influenza prevention and control team, said. “We’re following the situation very closely because this is something we’re continuing to understand.”

The H5N2 virus surfaced last winter in Canada and was first identified in the United States in early December, when it was found in a wild bird on the West Coast. This spring, the virus was found in poultry operations in eight Midwest states, forcing commercial producers to kill and compost millions of turkeys and chickens in Iowa, Minnesota and elsewhere.

Scientists speculate that perhaps rodents or small birds, seeking food, tracked the virus into barns. Maybe it’s the work of flies, as the bird flu virus has been found on the insects in a Pennsylvania outbreak in 1983 and in Japan in 2004. The USDA’s chief veterinarian even floated the idea wind may be blowing dust and feathers carrying the virus from the barnyard into buildings through air vents.

“To me, the main concern is the disease is moving even with heightened biosecurity,” said Richard French, a professor of animal health at Becker College in Worcester, Mass. “Ideally we’ve got to try and figure out the way it’s most likely moving and try to put controls in place to stop that.”

Poultry farms’ biosecurity measures include changing clothes and boots before entering barns, disinfecting equipment and vehicles before they approach barns and assigning workers to specific barns.

As new operations are infected almost daily, USDA epidemiologists are trying to determine whether the virus came from a wild bird or whether it could have spread from poultry in another barn or a nearby farm.

“We are continuing to evaluate how facilities become positive because we also want to be cognizant of any potential risk of lateral spread from farm to farm,” said Dr. T.J. Myers, the USDA associate deputy administrator of veterinary services. “We are doing those evaluations as we speak, and we really don’t have enough data to report on that yet.”

Another puzzling question has been why there hasn’t been a surge in infections of backyard flocks. The USDA has identified 12 cases, including five in Washington in January and February, plus others in Idaho, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Oregon and Wisconsin.
Cases might not be reported, French said, noting that commercial operations have a financial incentive to immediately report illnesses because the government pays them for each live bird that must be destroyed. Plus, French said, outdoor chickens could have been exposed over time to low pathogenic versions of bird flu and have developed stronger immunity.

One belief held by researchers will soon be tested: whether the virus will die as temperatures warm up and ultraviolet light increases. With temperatures this week in the 70s in many of the affected states and even warmer weather expected soon, infections should decline if that assumption is true.

But David Swayne, director of the Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory in Athens, Ga., acknowledged it’s hard to predict what will happen.

“It’s pretty complex. It involves the climate, the temperature itself, the amount of humidity there,” he said.

Scientists expect the virus to return in the fall along with cooler temperatures and wild birds migrating south, but Swayne said the virus could burn itself out and disappear for a while before that.

Amid the questions is one about the human element: Could the virus spread to people? So far, it hasn’t, but significant efforts are under way to develop a vaccine just in case.

“We’re cautiously optimistic that we will not see any human cases, but there certainly is a possibility that we may,” Fry said.

 

  • Pyra Gorgon

    Egg-headed atheist scientists who hold a materialism worldview don’t “get it” why backyard flocks don’t get hit the way “they” do. I dare say they are being totally blockheaded about it.

    Chickens are ANIMALS, not something like a carrot that can grown in a small cage then harvested. Chickens are not MEAT. They are a bird that we eat the flesh of. That means that bird has soul and personality, a life to it, and God gave that bird certain programming in its DNA to do, like scratch, and peck, and lunge and act stupid running around, moving as a flock through obstacles which builds “pecking order”, digging around trees and experimenting eating different sorts of bugs. Free ranged chickens are hardy, they develop tolerance and resistance to their surroundings, its toxin levels, and so on. Chickens are also a flock communal animal, they must develop bonds with other chickens to develop. Their immunity is based on the free expression of their chicken character. If you deprive something of its ability to fulfill its God-given purpose, it gets weak, feeble, stupid, and dies from whatever comes along. Like people, but that is another matter entirely…

    So the answer is simple, Mr. Blockheaded Scientists: STOP CAFO’ing animals. Stop merchandising them like something inanimate. Respect the animal you intend to harvest. Backyard flocks are valued by those who keep them, that means we clean their coops, give them feed and fresh water, and tend to their wounds and security. Corporations who are having the issues with pathogenic viruses is due to their sin in how they handle harvesting and livestock husbandry. Lack of focus has led to a money-only mindset. Allow your chickens to BE CHICKENS. Re-arrange your operations accordingly. If you do that, you will not have any issues with what you currently suffer.