Missing 13th Amendment Found: “No Lawyers In Public Office”

A missing 13th amendment to the U.S. Constitution has been found which says that no lawyers should be allowed into public office
A missing 13th amendment to the U.S. Constitution has been found which says that no lawyers should be allowed into public office

The 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States has been altered from its original in order to fool the American public into accepting a government that is mostly illegally in office. 

The information contained in the article below contains stunning revelations that the entire U.S. congress should be deemed illegitimate, after evidence that a clandestine plot to alter the U.S. Constitution has now emerged.

Themillenniumreport.com reports:

In the winter of 1983, archival research expert David Dodge, and former Baltimore police investigator Tom Dunn, were searching for evidence of government corruption in public records stored in the Belfast Library on the coast of Maine.

By chance, they discovered the library’s oldest authentic copy of the Constitution of the United States (printed in 1825). Both men were stunned to see this document included a 13th Amendment that no longer appears on current copies of the Constitution. Moreover, after studying the Amendment’s language and historical context, they realized the principle intent of this “missing” 13th Amendment was to prohibit lawyers from serving in government. So began a seven year, nationwide search for the truth surrounding the most bizarre Constitutional puzzle in American history — the unlawful removal of a ratified Amendment from the Constitution of the United States.

Since 1983, Dodge and Dunn have uncovered additional copies of the Constitution with the “missing” 13th Amendment printed in at least eighteen separate publications by ten different states and territories over four decades from 1822 to 1860. In June of this year (1991), Dodge uncovered the evidence that this missing 13th Amendment had indeed been lawfully ratified by the state of Virginia and was therefore an authentic Amendment to the American Constitution. If the evidence is correct and no logical errors have been made, a 13th Amendment restricting lawyers from serving in government was ratified in 1819 and removed from the U.S. Constitution during the tumult of the Civil War. Since the Amendment was never lawfully repealed, it is still the Law today. The implications are enormous.

The story of this “missing” Amendment is complex and at times confusing because the political issues and vocabulary of the American Revolution were different from our own. However, there are essentially two issues: What does the Amendment mean? and, Was the Amendment ratified? Before we consider the issue of ratification, we should first understand the Amendment’s meaning and consequent current relevance.

MEANING of the 13th Amendment

The “missing” 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

“If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.”

At the first reading, the meaning of this 13th Amendment (also called the “title of nobility” Amendment) seems obscure; unimportant. The references to “nobility,” “honour,” “emperor,” “king,” and “prince,” lead us to dismiss this Amendment as a petty post-revolution act of spite directed against the British monarchy. The U.S. modern world of Lady Di and Prince Charles, make anti-royalist sentiments seem so archaic and quaint, that the Amendment can be ignored.

Not so. Consider some evidence of its historical significance: First, “titles of nobility” were prohibited in both Article VI of the Articles of Confederation (1777) and in Article I, Sections 9 and 10 of the Constitution of the United States (1787);

Second, although already prohibited by the Constitution, an additional “title of nobility” amendment was proposed in 1789, again in 1810, and according to Dodge, finally ratified in 1819. Clearly, the founding fathers saw such a serious threat in “titles of nobility” and “honors” that anyone receiving them would forfeit their citizenship. Since the government prohibited “titles of nobility” several times over four decades, and went through the amending process (even though “titles of nobility” were already prohibited by the Constitution), it’s obvious that the Amendment carried much more significance for our founding fathers than is readily apparent today.


To understand the meaning of this “missing” 13th Amendment, we must understand its historical context — the era surrounding the American Revolution. We tend to regard the notion of “Democracy” as benign, harmless, and politically unremarkable. But at the time of the American Revolution, King George III and the other monarchies of Europe saw Democracy as an unnatural, ungodly ideological threat, every bit as dangerously radical as Communism was once regarded by modern Western nations. Just as the 1917 Communist Revolution in Russia spawned other revolutions around the world, the American Revolution provided an example and incentive for people all over the world to overthrow their European monarchies.

Even though the Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War in 1783, the simple fact of our existence threatened the monarchies. The United States stood as a heroic role model for other nations, that inspired them to also struggle against oppressive monarchies. The French Revolution (1789-1799) and the Polish national uprising (1794) were in part encouraged by the American Revolution. Though we stood like a beacon of hope for most of the world, the monarchies regarded the United States as a political typhoid Mary, the principle source of radical democracy that was destroying monarchies around the world. The monarchies must have realized that if the principle source of that infection could be destroyed, the rest of the world might avoid the contagion and the monarchies would be saved. Their survival at stake, the monarchies sought to destroy or subvert the American system of government. Knowing they couldn’t destroy us militarily, they resorted to more covert methods of political subversion, employing spies and secret agents skilled in bribery and legal deception — it was, perhaps, the first “cold war”. Since governments run on money, politicians run for money, and money is the usual enticement to commit treason, much of the monarchy’s counter- revolutionary efforts emanated
from English banks.

DON’T BANK ON IT (Modern Banking System)

The essence of banking was once explained by Sir Josiah Stamp, a former president of the Bank of England:”The modern banking system manufactures money out of nothing. The process is perhaps the most astounding piece of sleight of hand that was ever invented. Banking was conceived in inequity and born in sin… Bankers own the earth. Take it away from them but leave them the power to create money, and, with a flick of a pen, they will create enough money to buy it back again… Take this great power away from them, or if you want to continue to be the slaves of bankers and pay the cost of your own slavery, then let bankers continue to create money and control credit.”

The last great abuse of the U.S. banking system caused the depression of the 1930’s. Today’s abuses may cause another. Current S&L and bank scandals illustrate the on-going relationships between banks, lawyers, politicians, and government agencies (look at the current BCCI bank scandal, involving lawyer Clark Clifford, politician Jimmy Carter, the Federal Reserve, the FDIC, and even the CIA). These scandals are the direct result of years of law-breaking by an alliance of bankers and lawyers using their influence and money to corrupt the political process and rob the public. (Think you’re not being robbed? Guess who’s going to pay the bill for the excesses of the S&L’s, U.S.-taxpayer? You are.) The systematic robbery of productive individuals by parasitic bankers and
lawyers is not a recent phenomenon. This abuse is a human tradition that predates the Bible and spread from Europe to America despite early colonial prohibitions.

When the first United States Bank was chartered by Congress in 1790, there were only three state banks in existence. At one time, banks were prohibited by law in most states because many of the early settlers were all too familiar with the practices of the European goldsmith banks. Goldsmith banks were safe-houses used to store client’s gold. In exchange for the deposited gold, customers were issued notes (paper money) which were redeemable in gold. The goldsmith bankers quickly succumbed to the temptation to issue “extra” notes, (unbacked by gold). Why? Because the “extra” notes enriched the bankers by allowing them to buy property with notes for gold that they did not own, gold that did not even exist. Colonists knew that bankers occasionally printed too much paper money, found themselves over-leveraged, and caused a “run on the bank”. If the bankers lacked sufficient gold to meet the demand, the paper money became worthless and common citizens left holding the paper were ruined. Although over-leveraged bankers were sometime hung, the bankers continued printing extra money to increase their fortunes at the expense of the productive members of society. (The practice continues to this day, and offers “sweetheart” loans to bank insiders, and even provides the foundation for deficit spending and the U.S. Federal government’s unbridled growth.)


If the colonists forgot the lessons of goldsmith bankers, the American Revolution refreshed their memories. To finance the war, Congress authorized the printing of continental bills of credit in an amount not to exceed $200,000,000. The States issued another $200,000,000 in paper notes. Ultimately, the value of the paper money fell so low that they were soon traded on speculation from 5000 to 1000 paper bills for one coin. It’s often suggested that the U.S. Constitution’s prohibition against a paper economy — “No State shall… make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a tender in Payment of Debts” — was a tool of the wealthy to be worked to the disadvantage of all others. But only in a “paper” economy can money reproduce itself and increase the claims of the wealthy at the
expense of the productive.

“Paper money,” said Pelatiah Webster, “polluted the equity of our laws, turned them into engines of oppression, corrupted the justice of our public administration, destroyed the fortunes of thousands who had confidence in it, enervated the trade, husbandry, and manufactures of U.S. country, and went far to destroy the morality of U.S. people.”


A few examples of the attempts by the monarchies and banks that almost succeeded in destroying the United States:

According to the Tennessee Laws (1715-1820, vol. II, p. 774), in the 1794 Jay Treaty, the United States agreed to pay 600,000 pounds sterling to King George III, as reparations for the American revolution. The Senate ratified the treaty in secret session and ordered that it not be published. When Benjamin Franklin’s grandson published it anyway, the exposure and resulting public uproar so angered the Congress that it passed the Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) so federal judges could prosecute editors and publishers for reporting the truth about the government. Since we had won the Revolutionary War, why would U.S. Senators agree to pay reparations to the loser? And why would they agree to pay 600,000 pounds sterling, eleven years after the war ended? It doesn’t make sense, especially in light of Senate’s secrecy and later fury over being exposed, unless we assume U.S. Senators had been bribed to serve the British monarchy and betray the American people. That’s subversion.

The United States Bank had been opposed by the Jeffersonians from the beginning, but the Federalists (the pro-monarchy party) won out in its establishment. The initial capitalization was $10,000,000 — 80% of which would be owned by foreign bankers. Since the bank was authorized to lend up to $20,000,000 (double its paid in capital), it was a profitable deal for both the government and the bankers since they could lend, and collect interest on, $10,000,000 that didn’t exist.

However, the European bankers outfoxed the government and by 1796, the government owed the bank $6,200,000 and was forced to sell its shares. (By 1802, the U.S. government owned no stock in the United States Bank.) The sheer power of the banks and their ability to influence representative government by economic manipulation and outright bribery was exposed in 1811, when the people discovered that European banking interests owned 80% of the bank. Congress therefore refused to renew the bank’s charter. This led to the withdrawal of $7,000,000 in specie by European investors, which in turn, precipitated an economic recession, and the War of 1812. That’s destruction.

There are undoubtedly other examples of the monarchy’s efforts to subvert or destroy the United States; some are common knowledge, others remain to be disclosed to the public. For example, David Dodge discovered a book called “2 VA LAW” in the Library of Congress Law Library. According to Dodge, “This is an un-catalogued book in the rare book section that reveals a plan to overthrow the constitutional government by secret agreements engineered by the lawyers. That is one of the reasons why this Amendment was ratified by Virginia and the notification was lost in the mail. There is no public record that this book exists.” That may sound surprising, but according to The Gazette (5/10/91), “the Library of Congress has 349,402 un-catalogued rare books and 13.9 million un-catalogued rare manuscripts.” There may be secrets buried in that mass of documents even more astonishing than a missing Constitutional Amendment.


In seeking to rule the world and destroy the United States, bankers committed many crimes. Foremost among these crimes were fraud, conversion, and plain old theft. To escape prosecution for their crimes, the bankers did the same thing any career criminal does. They hired and formed alliances with the best lawyers and judges money could buy. These alliances, originally forged in Europe (particularly in Great Britain), spread to the colonies, and later into the newly formed United States of America.

Despite their criminal foundation, these alliances generated wealth, and ultimately, respectability. Like any modern member of organized crime, English bankers and lawyers wanted to be admired as “legitimate businessmen”. As their criminal fortunes grew so did their usefulness, so the British monarchy legitimized these thieves by granting them “titles of nobility”.

Historically, the British peerage system referred to knights as “Squires” and to those who bore the knight’s shields as “Esquires”. As lances, shields, and physical violence gave way to the more civilized means of theft, the pen grew mightier (and more profitable) than the sword, and the clever wielders of those pens (bankers and lawyers) came to hold titles of nobility. The most common title was “Esquire” (used, even today, by some lawyers).


In Colonial America, attorneys trained attorneys but most held no “title of nobility” or “honor”. There was no requirement that one be a lawyer to hold the position of district attorney, attorney general, or judge; a citizen’s “counsel of choice” was not restricted to a lawyer; there were no state or national bar associations. The only organization that certified lawyers was the International Bar Association (IBA), chartered by the King of England, headquartered in London, and closely associated with the international banking system. Lawyers admitted to the IBA received the rank “Esquire” — a “title of nobility”. “Esquire” was the principle title of nobility which the 13th Amendment sought to prohibit from the United States.

Why? Because the loyalty of “Esquire” lawyers was suspect. Bankers and lawyers with an “Esquire” behind their names were agents of the monarchy, members of an organization whose principle purposes were political, not economic, and regarded with the same wariness that some people today reserve for members of the KGB or the CIA.

Article 1, Sect. 9 of the Constitution sought to prohibit the International Bar Association (or any other agency that granted titles of nobility) from operating in America. But the Constitution neglected to specify a penalty, so the prohibition was ignored, and agents of the monarchy continued to infiltrate and influence the government (as in the Jay Treaty and the US Bank charter incidents). Therefore, a “title of nobility” amendment that specified a penalty (loss of citizenship) was proposed in 1789, and again in 1810. The meaning of the amendment is seen in its intent to prohibit persons having titles of nobility and loyalties to foreign governments and bankers from voting, holding public office, or using their skills to subvert the government.


The missing Amendment is referred to as the “title of nobility” Amendment, but the second prohibition against “honour” (honor), may be more significant.

According to David Dodge, Tom Dunn, and Webster’s Dictionary, the archaic definition of “honor” (as used when the 13th Amendment was ratified) meant anyone “obtaining or having an advantage or privilege over another”. A contemporary example of an “honor” granted to only a few Americans is the privilege of being a judge: Lawyers can be judges and exercise the attendant privileges and powers; non-lawyers cannot.

By prohibiting “honors”, the missing Amendment prohibits any advantage or privilege that would grant some citizens an unequal opportunity to achieve or exercise political power. Therefore, the second meaning (intent) of the 13th Amendment was to ensure political equality among all American citizens, by prohibiting anyone, even government officials, from claiming or exercising a special privilege or power (an “honor”) over other citizens.

If this interpretation is correct, “honor” would be the key concept in the 13th Amendment. Why? Because, while “titles of nobility” may no longer apply in today’s political system, the concept of “honor” remains relevant. For example, anyone who had a specific “immunity” from lawsuits which were not afforded to all citizens, would be enjoying a separate privilege, an “honor”, and would therefore forfeit his right to vote or hold public office. Think of the “immunities” from lawsuits that U.S. judges, lawyers, politicians, and bureaucrats currently enjoy. As another example, think of all the “special interest” legislation the U.S. government passes: “special interests” are simply euphemisms for “special privileges” (honors).

WHAT IF? (Implications if Restored)

If the missing 13th Amendment were restored, “special interests” and “immunities” might be rendered unconstitutional. The prohibition against “honors” (privileges) would compel the entire government to operate under the same laws as the citizens of this nation. Without their current personal immunities (honors), US judges and I.R.S. agents would be unable to abuse common citizens without fear of legal liability. If this 13th Amendment were restored, the entire U.S. Government would have to conduct itself according to the same standards of decency, respect, law, and liability as the rest of the nation. If this Amendment and the term “honor” were applied today, U.S. Government’s ability to systematically coerce and abuse the public would be all but eliminated.

Imagine! A government without special privileges or immunities. How could we describe it? It would be … almost like … a government … of the people … by the people … for the people! Imagine: a government … whose members were truly accountable to the public; a government that could not systematically exploit its own people! It’s unheard of … it’s never been done before. Not ever in the entire history of the world.

Bear in mind that Senator George Mitchell of Maine and the U.S. National Archives concede this 13th Amendment was proposed by Congress in 1810. However, they explain that there were seventeen states when Congress proposed the “title of nobility” Amendment; that ratification required the thirteen states, but since only twelve states supported the Amendment, it was not ratified. The Government Printing Office agrees; it currently prints copies of the Constitution of the United States which include the “title of nobility” Amendment as proposed, but un-ratified.

Even if this 13th Amendment were never ratified, even if Dodge and Dunn’s research or reasoning is flawed or incomplete, it would still be an extraordinary story. Can you imagine, can you understand how close the US came to having a political paradise, right here on Earth? Do you realize what an extraordinary gift our forebears tried to bequeath us? And how close we came? One vote. One state’s vote.

The federal government concedes that twelve states voted to ratify this Amendment between 1810 and 1812. But they argue that ratification require thirteen states, so the Amendment lays stillborn in history, unratified for lack of a just one more state’s support. One vote. David Dodge, however, says one more state did ratify, and he claims he has the evidence to prove it.


In 1789, the House of Representatives compiled a list of possible Constitutional Amendments, some of which would ultimately become our Bill of Rights. The House proposed seventeen; the Senate reduced the list to twelve. During this process that Senator Tristrain Dalton (Mass.) proposed an Amendment seeking to prohibit and provide a penalty for any American accepting a “title of Nobility” (RG 46 Records of the U.S. Senate). Although it wasn’t passed, this was the first time a “title of nobility” amendment was proposed.

Twenty years later, in January, 1810, Senator Reed proposed another “Title of Nobility” Amendment (History of Congress, Proceedings of the Senate, p. 529-530). On April 27, 1810, the Senate voted to pass this 13th Amendment by a vote of 26 to 1; the House resolved in the affirmative 87 to 3; and the following resolve was sent to the States for ratification:

“If any citizen of the United States shall Accept, claim, receive or retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall, without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.”

The Constitution requires three-quarters of the states to ratify a proposed amendment before it may be added to the Constitution. When Congress proposed the “Title of Nobility” Amendment in 1810, there were states, thirteen of which would have to ratify for the Amendment to be adopted. According to the National Archives, the following is a list of the twelve states that ratified, and their dates of ratification:

Maryland, Dec. 25, 1810
Kentucky, Jan. 31, 1811
Ohio, Jan. 31, 1811
Delaware, Feb. 2, 1811
Pennsylvania, Feb. 6, 1811
New Jersey, Feb. 13, 1811
Vermont, Oct. 24, 1811
Tennessee, Nov. 21, 1811
Georgia, Dec. 13, 1811
North Carolina, Dec. 23, 1811
Massachusetts, Feb. 27, 1812
New Hampshire, Dec. 10, 1812

Before a thirteenth state could ratify, the War of 1812 broke out with England. By the time the war ended in 1814, the British had burned the Capitol, the Library of Congress, and most of the records of the first 38 years of government. Whether there was a connection between the proposed “title of nobility” amendment and the War of 1812 is not known. However, the momentum to ratify the proposed Amendment was lost in the tumult of war.

Then, four years later, on December 31, 1817, the House of Representatives resolved that President Monroe inquire into the status of this Amendment. In a letter dated February 6, 1818, President Monroe reported to the House that the Secretary of State Adams had written to the governors of Virginia, South Carolina and Connecticut to tell them that the proposed Amendment had been ratified by twelve States and rejected by two (New York and Rhode Island), and asked the governors to notify him of their legislature’s position. (House Document No. 76) (This, and other letters written by the President and the Secretary of State during the month of February, 1818, note only that the proposed Amendment had not yet been ratified. However, these letters would later become crucial because, in the absence of additional information they would be interpreted to mean the amendment was never ratified).

On February 28, 1818, Secretary of State Adams reported the rejection of the Amendment by South Carolina. [House Doc. No. 129]. There are no further entries regarding the ratification of the 13th Amendment in the Journals of Congress; whether Virginia ratified is neither confirmed nor denied. Likewise, a search through the executive papers of Governor Preston of Virginia does not reveal any correspondence from Secretary of State Adams. (However, there is a journal entry in the Virginia House that the Governor presented the House with an official letter and documents from Washington within a time frame that conceivably includes receipt of Adams’ letter.) Again, no evidence of ratification; none of denial.

However, on March 10, 1819, the Virginia legislature passed Act No. 280 (Virginia Archives of Richmond, “misc.’ file, p. 299 for micro-film): “Be it enacted by the General Assembly, that there shall be published an edition of the Laws of this Commonwealth in which shall be contained the following matters, that is to say: the Constitution of the united States and the amendments thereto…” This act was the specific legislated instructions on what was, by law, to be included in the re-publication (a special edition) of the Virginia Civil Code. The Virginia Legislature had already agreed that all Acts were to go into effect on the same day — the day that the Act to re-publish the Civil Code was enacted. Therefore, the 13th Amendment’s official date of ratification would be the date of re-publication of the Virginia Civil Code: March 12, 1819.

The Delegates knew Virginia was the last of the 13 States that were necessary for the ratification of the 13th Amendment. They also knew there were powerful forces allied against this ratification so they took extraordinary measures to make sure that it was published in sufficient quantity (4,000 copies were ordered, almost triple their usual order), and instructed the printer to send a copy to President James Monroe as well as James Madison and Thomas Jefferson. (The printer, Thomas Ritchie, was bonded. He was required to be extremely accurate in his research and his printing, or he would forfeit his bond.)

In this fashion, Virginia announced the ratification: by publication and dissemination of the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution.

There is question as to whether Virginia ever formally notified the Secretary of State that they had ratified this 13th Amendment. Some have argued that because such notification was not received (or at least, not recorded), the Amendment was therefore not legally ratified. However, printing by a legislature is prima facie evidence of ratification. Further, there is no Constitutional requirement that the Secretary of State, or anyone else, be officially notified to complete the ratification process. The Constitution only requires that three- fourths of the states ratify for an Amendment to be added to the Constitution. If three-quarters of the states ratify, the Amendment is passed. Period. The Constitution is otherwise silent on what procedure should be used to announce, confirm, or
communicate the ratification of amendments.

Knowing they were the last state necessary to ratify the Amendment, the Virginians had every right announce their own and the nation’s ratification of the Amendment by publishing it on a special edition of the Constitution, and so they did.

Word of Virginia’s 1819 ratification spread throughout the States and both Rhode Island and Kentucky published the new Amendment in 1822. Ohio first published in 1824. Maine ordered 10,000 copies of the Constitution with the 13th Amendment to be printed for use in the schools in 1825, and again in 1831 for their Census Edition. Indiana Revised Laws of 1831 published the 13th Article on p. 20. Northwestern Territories published in 1833. Ohio published in 1831 and 1833. Then came the Wisconsin Territory in 1839; Iowa Territory in 1843; Ohio again, in 1848; Kansas Statutes in 1855; and Nebraska Territory six times in a row from 1855 to 1860. So far, David Dodge has identified eleven different states or territories that printed the Amendment in twenty separate publications over forty-one years. And more editions including this 13th Amendment are sure to be discovered. Clearly, Dodge is onto something.

You might be able to convince some of the people, or maybe even all of them, for a little while, that this 13th Amendment was never ratified. Maybe you can show them that the ten legislatures which ordered it published eighteen times we’ve discovered (so far) consisted of ignorant politicians who don’t know their amendments from their… ahh, articles. You might even be able to convince the public that our U.S. forefathers never meant to “outlaw” public servants who pushed people around, accepted bribes or special favors to “look the other way.” Maybe. But before you do, there’s an awful lot of evidence to be explained.


In 1829, the following note appears on p. 23, Vol. 1 of the New York Revised Statutes:

“In the edition of the Laws of the U.S. before referred to, there is an amendment printed as article 13, prohibiting citizens from accepting titles of nobility or honor, or presents, offices, &c. from foreign nations. But, by a message of the president of the United States of the 4th of February, 1818, in answer to a resolution of the house of representatives, it appears that this amendment had been ratified only by 12 states, and therefore had not been adopted. See Vol. IV of the printed papers of the 1st session of the 15th congress, No. 76.” In 1854, a similar note appeared in the Oregon Statutes. Both notes refer to the Laws of the United States, 1st vol. p. 73 (or 74).

It’s not yet clear whether the 13th Amendment was published in Laws of the United States, 1st Vol., prematurely, by accident, in anticipation of Virginia’s ratification, or as part of a plot to discredit the Amendment by making it appear that only twelve States had ratified. Whether the Laws of the United States Vol. 1 (carrying the 13th Amendment) was re-called or made-up is unknown. In fact, it’s not even clear that the specified volume was actually printed — the Law Library of the Library of Congress has no record of its existence.
However, because the noted authors reported no further references to the 13th Amendment after the Presidential letter of February, 1818, they apparently assumed the ratification process had ended in failure at that time. If so, they neglected to seek information on the Amendment after 1818, or at the state level, and therefore missed the evidence of Virginia’s ratification. This opinion — assuming that the Presidential letter of February, 1818, was the last word on the Amendment — has persisted to this day.

In 1849, Virginia decided to revise the 1819 Civil Code of Virginia (which had contained the 13th Amendment for 30 years). It was at that time that one of the code’s revisers (a lawyer named Patton) wrote to the Secretary of the Navy, William B. Preston, asking if this Amendment had been ratified or appeared by mistake. Preston wrote to J. M. Clayton, the Secretary of State, who replied that this Amendment was not ratified by a sufficient number of States. This conclusion was based upon the information that Secretary of State John Quincy Adams had provided the House of Representatives in 1818, before Virginia’s ratification in 1819. (Even today, the Congressional Research Service tells anyone asking about this 13th Amendment this same story: that only twelve states, not the
requisite thirteen, had ratified.)

However, despite Clayton’s opinion, the Amendment continued to be published in various states and territories for at least another eleven years (the last known publication was in the Nebraska territory in 1860). Once again the 13th Amendment was caught in the riptides of American politics. South Carolina seceded from the Union in December of 1860, signaling the onset of the Civil War. In March, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated.

Later in 1861, another proposed amendment, also numbered thirteen, was signed by President Lincoln. This was the only proposed amendment that was ever signed by a president. That resolve to amend read:

“ARTICLE THIRTEEN, No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State.”

In other words, President Lincoln had signed a resolve that would have permitted slavery, and upheld states’ rights. Only one State, Illinois, ratified this proposed amendment before the Civil War broke out in 1861. In the tumult of 1865, the original 13th Amendment was finally removed from the US Constitution. On January 31, another 13th Amendment (which prohibited slavery in Sect. 1, and ended states’ rights in Sect. 2) was proposed. On April 9, the Civil War ended with General Lee’s surrender. On April 14, President Lincoln (who, in 1861, had signed the proposed Amendment that would have allowed slavery and states rights) was assassinated. On December 6, the “new” 13th Amendment loudly prohibiting slavery (and quietly surrendering states rights to the federal government) was ratified, replacing and effectively erasing the original 13th Amendment that had prohibited “titles of nobility” and “honors”.


To create the present oligarchy (rule by lawyers) which the U.S. now endures, the lawyers first had to remove the 13th “titles of nobility” Amendment that might otherwise have kept them in check. In fact, it was not until after the Civil War and after the disappearance of this 13th Amendment, that American bar associations began to appear and exercise political power.

Since the unlawful deletion of the 13th Amendment, the newly developing bar associations began working diligently to create a system wherein lawyers took on a title of privilege and nobility as “Esquires” and received the “honor” of offices and positions (like district attorney or judge) that only they could hold. By virtue of these titles, honors, and special privileges, lawyers have assumed political and economic advantages over the majority of U.S. citizens. Through these privileges, they have nearly established a two-tiered citizenship in this nation where a majority may vote, but only a minority (lawyers) may run for political office. This two-tiered citizenship is clearly contrary to Americans’ political interests, the nation’s economic welfare, and the Constitution’s egalitarian spirit.

The significance of this missing 13th Amendment and its deletion from the Constitution is this: Since the amendment was never lawfully nullified, it is still in full force and effect and is the Law of the land. If public support could be awakened, this missing Amendment might provide a legal basis to challenge many existing laws and court decisions previously made by lawyers who were unconstitutionally elected or appointed to their positions of power; it might even mean the removal of lawyers from the current US government system.

At the very least, this missing 13th Amendment demonstrates that two centuries ago, lawyers were recognized as enemies of the people and nation. Some things never change.

THOSE WHO CANNOT RECALL HISTORY …. Heed warnings of Founding FathersIn his farewell address, George Washington warned of “… change by usurpation; for through this, in one instance, may be the instrument of good, it is the customary weapon by which free governments are destroyed.” In 1788, Thomas Jefferson proposed that we have a Declaration of Rights similar to Virginia’s. Three of his suggestions were “freedom of commerce against monopolies, trial by jury in all cases” and “no suspensions of the
habeas corpus.”

No doubt Washington’s warning and Jefferson’s ideas were dismissed as redundant by those who knew the law. Who would have dreamed the U.S. legal system would become a monopoly against freedom when that was one of the primary causes for the rebellion against King George III?

Yet, the denial of trial by jury is now commonplace in the U.S. courts, and habeas corpus, for crimes against the state, is suspended. (By crimes against the state, I refer to “political crimes” where there is no injured party and the corpus delicti [evidence] is equally imaginary.)

The authority to create monopolies was judge-made law by Supreme Court Justice John Marshall, et al during the early 1800’s. Judges (and lawyers) granted to themselves the power to declare the acts of the People “un-Constitutional”, waited until their decision was grandfathered, and then granted themselves a monopoly by creating the bar associations. Although Article VI of the U.S. Constitution mandates that executive orders and treaties are binding upon the states (“… and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.”), the supreme Court has held that the Bill of Rights is not binding upon the states, and thereby resurrected many of the complaints enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, exactly as Thomas Jefferson foresaw in “Notes on the State of Virginia”, Query 17, p. 161, 1784:

“Our rulers will become corrupt, our people careless… the time for fixing every essential right on a legal basis is [now] while our rulers are honest, and ourselves united. From the conclusion of this war we shall be going downhill. It will not then be necessary to resort every moment to the people for support. They will be forgotten, therefore, and their rights disregarded. They will forget themselves, but in the sole faculty of making money, and will never think of uniting to effect a due respect for their rights. The shackles, therefore, which shall not be knocked off at the conclusion of this war, will remain on us long, will be made heavier and heavier, till our rights shall revive or expire in a convulsion.”

We await the inevitable convulsion. Only two questions remain: Will we fight to revive our rights? Or, Will we meekly submit as our last remaining rights expire, surrendered to the courts, and perhaps to a “new world order”?

  • http://RonKuleBooks.com/ Ronald Joseph Kule

    Excellent dissertation on the issue of the “missing” 13th Amendment. A preponderance of proofs of its existence will be needed to convince the issue in the minds of The People. Re-enacted, this can have major influence upon the future of America.

    • Eugene Bertone

      All notable LibTard Progressive Democraps except Jimmy Carter are Lawyers; either currently or disbarred for violations of the Law.

      • Donald Hull

        Your HATE overwhelms you.

        • Zach

          quit calling things hate that aren’t hate please. It’s getting old.

      • Bosatsu

        If the GOP were so pure and godly it wouldn’t have child molesters, serial philanderers, drug addicts, and crypto-homosexuals falling out of it on a daily basis… Never a day goes by that we don’t hear of one more disgusting perversion from this ‘family values’ party… And you think they somehow FORGOT to jump on the band wagon of being ‘special’ and above the rest (including you)?

        • barry1817

          yuup never a liberal, they are just the ones corrupting the education and morality of the country.

          • talinmaplewood

            Funny how conservatives consider themselves Christian but yet never follow the teachings of Jesus. Always quoting the bible but rarely knowing more than just the title.

          • barry1817

            conservative is a politcal philosophy not a relgion and you are making straw arguments with this line of comments.

        • kickk

          At least we make them quit.

          • Bosatsu

            You don’t “make” them quit till we MAKE you make them quit… Republicans are famous for their ‘circle the wagons’ mentality..

  • Sherri Smith-Watson

    I am amazed that more people have not jumped on the proverbial band wagon over this one. It most certainly has profound implications for our present government, laws and way of life and most of those implications would be positive.

    • Bosatsu

      We do have a sudden interest by the youth of America for politics… Credit to Bernie Sanders for firing everyone up in the right direction at this critical time… We win, or we lose… That was the final paragraph of the article… We fight, or we give up… Now is the time to be bold and vote for Sanders and every progressive democrat you can find for Congress… Give America the mandate to really look at ourselves and honestly address the issues… The future will be better for this…

      • Screamindemon

        If you are in such a hurry to live in a communistic country, just relocate to Cuba and take Bernie with you.

        • Bosatsu

          Welcome to Democracy son… Where the best ideas compete with what you have to offer… You’d probably enjoy Pakistan… Why don’t you go there…

          • barry1817

            we dont’ live in a democracy, it is a constitutional republic, if as Franklin stated we can keep it.

          • Derrique

            “Democracy”? LOL. Any vote for any candidate other than Trump is a vote for Hillary.

      • Merida A McKnight

        Are you so dumb that you actually want people to vote socialist? We should be getting on the band wagon to have all laws and congress and everyone else looked at!

        • deanharrington

          13 amendment … dig in the archives … !

      • pr

        Credit does not go to Bernie… Credit goes to Ron Paul for waking up the masses more then a decade earlier… The last thing you want is to elect a socialist who is advocating for more government, I thought you just read the deceit in this article, we fought a world war because of socialism, and you want a bigger government. Look at your famed democrats and what they’ve done in Detroit, Cali, Washington, Illinois and so many other places were these tyrants and monsters have destroyed everything, and you want people to vote democrats. Good luck with keeping in the spirits of those that stole our future for a great nation by hiding and destroying the 13th A, making back door deals and secret meeting, and Lobbyist writing your laws., and good luck with bigger gov when their boot is on yours and your kids neck until you have no future posterity.

        • Yuri Futanari

          Ron Paul was a late comer in all of this ‘discovery and revelation’ stuff.

      • Yuri Futanari

        Too bad its too little too late and there is a whole lot about what is going on which is still being hidden from all of you.

    • Yuri Futanari

      I once circulated with some constitutional militias until the government broke them up, this was long before facebook and the likes. Thrice I spent time in prison for fraudulent charges stemming from trying to spread the word to the public. They killed, threatened, stole from and in general wreaked havoc on the people who pointed out this massive crime. Crime begets crime. We pretty much scattered to save our lives. Now I write ‘fiction’ wherein I explain everything in minute detail.

  • jim NY

    What a piece of crap article. This isn’t historically close to accurate!

    • Bill the eighth

      Says the fool who hasn’t bothered to read the Constitution, let alone done any research whatsoever.

      • jim NY

        I have the US Constitution. That’s all I need.

        • Bosatsu

          The question at hand being “which one”… Having the wrong one would be nothing to be proud of… Just sayin..

          • jim NY

            There’s only one. The only one in the world written, signed and to guarantee all men!

          • englishvinal

            YOU jim NY… are a full fledged paid by the current political cabal….
            .. TROLL~!
            HEADS UP EVERYBODY…. Don’t waste your time trying to enlighten this type of traitor… he is getting paid his 30 pieces of silver.

          • jim NY

            You have no knowledge to even write such nonsense! England is void of freedom. What I am is an American patriot who knows his history.

          • jim NY

            Just sayin” or “having the wrong” one are not cogent statements. I have the signed, ratified, and original Constitution of the United States of America, you have words that don’t mean anything.
            Just sayin!

    • Brad McKean

      Jim, you should go back to reading comic books… this is waaaaay over your head!

      • jim NY

        This article obviously went over you head Bradley because its no higher than your ass and more than likely stuck up in it!
        You should learn your country’s history Bradley, you missed quite the story.

        • Conservative Mark

          Jim, you sound like a bastard lawyer trying to protect your turf.

          • jim NY

            Mark, I;m an American fighting tooth and nail against tyranny in America. Conventionofstates.com. Join the fight, you’re obviously not good at assumptions. 🙂

          • talinmaplewood

            Just because someone puts it on the internet doesn’t mean its correct. There are a million goofy websites out there that do nothing but try to push their ideals onto people claiming made up facts.

      • jim NY

        I love when someone blabbers without content. I’ve done my reading you and all your type (Zinn) need help and education.

    • Sam

      Did it hurt when you fell out of that tree you were playing in, and hit your empty skull on the rock below, thus cracking the rock in half and leaving your extremely hard and empty skull intact with it’s void of ignorance ? LOL!

    • http://www.ResurrectTheRepublic.com/ Thomas Robert Lacovara-Stewart

      Really……what part and where is your counter evidence……or is nuh uh the best you have? I have researched and found a BOoked and published version in over 5 states now.

      • jim NY
        • http://www.ResurrectTheRepublic.com/ Thomas Robert Lacovara-Stewart

          I do my own research. I know OF Barton……but I go by facts and documents….EVIDENCE…..NOT IDEOLOGICAL “BELIEFS” as you appear to as you did not so much as request reveiw of the evidence.

          • jim NY

            Lots of bloviation…no substance. David Barton has original documents and the Founders own words…you have squat…obviously.

    • acoolone

      Look Jim, we can’t help the fact that when you were conceived your mother was having sex with her brother, but please try and grow at least one brain cell.

      • jim NY

        You can always confirm pure ignorance by ones written words. No fact or reason just garbage.

    • city zen

      That’s putting it mildly!

  • Grateful_for_The_Atonement

    If elected as President, I’ll have a Presidential Commission look into this. presidentkopitke2016.info Please help me collect Signatures for Ballot Access. Blessings, Kyle

  • Neil

    Makes sense.

    • city zen

      yeah, banning lawyers from the country makes so much sense. Especially when it’s lawyers doing it.

      • Neil

        sorry when you said lawyer i just saw leaches

  • http://naturalrevolution.org/ Natural Revolution

    This 13th Amendment Scam has been thoroughly debunked time and time again by a number of qualified and accredited researchers, probably most thoroughly by Jol A. Silversmith in his work: “The Real Titles of Nobility Amendment FAQ”, appearing at http://www.thirdamendment.com/nobility.html and his “The ‘Missing Thirteenth Amendment’: Constitutional Nonsense and Titles of Nobility” at http://www.thirdamendment.com/missing.html

    Notwithstanding that NO accredited legal scholar thinks the 13th Amendment argument is anything other than a scam, and though this scam has been discredited on the internet and elsewhere by real academics time and time again, the fraudsters continue to perpetuate this scam.

    • Happygolucky8712

      Thank you!

    • AmaterasuSolar

      Is it possible these “qualified and accredited researchers” are like the 97% of scientists who claim anthropogenic climate change is real? On a payroll of the Ones who would retain power…? In fact, that “accredited” suggests that They may be exactly that.

  • Todd Hicks

    This 13th Amendment and the constitution that the author is discussing is the organic constitution of 1787 “The Constitution for the united states of America”. Although this constitution remains valid in the 50 states, it was usurped and thus unoccupied by the creation of the THE UNITED STATES corporation and the corporate document “THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” which provides for a color of law government for the District of Columbia. By this proxy, it has become the law (or actually policy) of the land.

    • city zen

      You’re an idiot. Stop reading garbage.

  • Susan Briggs

    If true, Hillary could not be President because she lost her citizenship when she took money from her Prince…

    • kodster

      AND she’s an attorney. Went to Yale Law school. She was a practicing attorney, when she was on the Watergate committee.

      • Conservative Mark

        AND she was disbarred for being CROOKED HILLARY.

        • city zen

          she was not disbarred. Wrong.

  • Happygolucky8712

    Interesting article, but I find your argument weak, for a 13th state (VA) ratification. Simply because it was in their code of law that was produced by the state does not mean Virginia actually ratified…and since there are no primary documents that state that it actually DID ratify I’m inclined to not believe that. I believe that the person who wrote the code thought the amendment had been ratified by the other states and didn’t need Virgina’s vote, or we would find something in the VA legislative record. I also believe that by the time the the Secretary of State JQA reported on the failure of the ratification to Congress, more states had joined the union and ratification would have then required 15 states, not 13…therefore the illusive 13th state is moot. Finally, I find your argument about the amendment precluding lawyers from serving in Congress ludicrous and you submit no proof or primary documents, legislative discussion or debate that would prove that was the intention of the proposed amendment. Men like Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Hamilton, etc. were all lawyers and the founders of our country. I don’t believe for one minute that the 11th Congress, very much populated with lawyers by the way, would approve an amendment that would serve to remove them from the office they held, as well as make their own President, James Madison, an illegitimate president. AND…if the Congress and nation did believe that the 13th amendment had been passed, then James Monroe would never have been able to run for office in 1814…seeing as he was a lawyer and all.

  • http://www.ResurrectTheRepublic.com/ Thomas Robert Lacovara-Stewart

    By the way, I am one of the researchers who along with Dodge also discovered in the Texas State archives the same booked and published 13th Original Amendment. However I must ask you correct one thing…..it is not the anti Lawyer Amendment. It is the anti-foreign association amendment more accurately, as well as special interests, gifts gratuities, etc while in public office. It would have prevented anyone from being a member of an association of foreign origin as was the BAR which is located at Temple Bar in the City of London. No foreign association also means no Federal clubs as the Federal Govt. is foreign unto the state. Special interests would not be able to donate to campaigns……especially a International Corporations or PACS. So you see, anyone could be a lawyer, but not an ESQUIRE, as that was a well known term for a noble British Title that comes with it special privileges. THAT was the problem. One of the rumors (unconfirmed) was that it would have also prevented membership in the Freemasons as they are an International Brotherhood and admittedly so. So no Freemasons would also likely be the result if someone used this amendment to challenge …… They would likely win . Now we see what forces might have been against it and why……but there were enough good men to ratify it……but then as the elites will do to distract, confound and confuse…..the Crown sent the British Army into Washington DC to burn out and burn down all of our records and archives leaving the British Patent office of course……..kind of telling as they were acting on specific orders…….but state copies could not be eradicated and so it is that it was merely covered up under the fog of war.

    • jim NY

      You only believe in Zinn revisionist history. You’re the only one who believes your crap.

      • http://www.ResurrectTheRepublic.com/ Thomas Robert Lacovara-Stewart

        Research when actually going by government documents and records are void of emotion, ideology or belief……I base what I present upon the facts. It is a matter of the scientific method….. EVIDENCE and cold hard facts ……are all that exist to me. Whereas, you have not even so much as requested to review the evidence which PROVES that you are completely about ideological beliefs void of factual necsessity. Typical Marxist liberal.

    • city zen

      so you actually think a bunch of lawyers were going to ban lawyers. We were going to be a nation without lawyers?


      cant fix stupid

    • deanharrington

      That is only true about lawyers if you use the simple and modern (correctly defined in Webster’s dictionary) understand of the word ‘honor’. Here’s something to read: https://ourgreaterdestiny.wordpress.com/2015/12/09/the-missing-13th-amendment-no-lawyers-allowed-in-public-office/

  • Shari Peterson

    One problem: “The “missing” 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States”

    The actual original Constitution is the Constitution for the united states of America. Which constitution are they referring to? The OTHER constitution for the federal United States.

    • city zen

      nonsense and garbage

  • Frank899

    The title is deceiving. The original 13th Amendment did not refer to “lawyers”. That term simply means a student of the law. It referred to ATTORNEYS. They’re allegiance, by definition, is to the Crown of England.

    • city zen

      right, so a bunch of attorneys were going to ban attorneys? How high are you?

  • JustmyOpnion

    On October 21, 2010, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jennifer_Granholm – Jennifer Granholm was made a Commander of the Royal Order of the Polar Star, First Class, by the King of Sweden “for her work in fostering relations between Michigan and Sweden to promote a clean energy economy”.[54][55] She is a relative of Rolf Olofsson, the husband of former Swedish Centre Party politician Maud Olofsson.
    Prior to becoming Governor of Michigan, Jennifer Granholm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jennifer_Granholm – served as a judicial clerk for Michigan’s 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. She became a federal prosecutor|U.S. Attorney in WAYNE COUNTY, Detroit in 1990, and in 1994, she was appointed Wayne County Corporation Counsel.

    Granholm was elected Michigan’s first female attorney general in 1998. In 1999 Jennifer Granholm began conducting DOMESTIC and FINANCIAL TERRORISM against citizens of the United States. — TITLE 18 > PART I > CHAPTER 13 > § 242. Deprivation of rights under color of law —-18 USC Sec. 24 01/02/01-EXPCITE- TITLE 18 – CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE PART I – CRIMES CHAPTER 1 – GENERAL PROVISIONS-HEAD-Sec. 24. Definitions relating to Federal health care offense-STATUTE-

    [CITE: 42CFR1003.105] Sec. 1003.105 EXCLUSION from participation in [ HCFA ] Medicare, Medicaid and all Federal health care programs [ OPM FEHB, TRICARE, CHAMPVA ]. A gross and flagrant violation is one that presents an Imminent DANGER: MICHIGAN Attorney Generals – Jennifer Granholm and Wallace Hart HCF Division, using hospital HHS social workers for enactment ( Commission of a felony ) of a dispute resolution procedure: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/HMO_Complaint_Informationa_158401_7.htm – T18CFR242CRIME – criminal DENIAL of Existing Federal _ OPM FEHB, etal. – HMO Hospital and Nursing Facility Services: PATIENT DUMPING, and allowing federal contractor illegal billing defrauded ( Elderly and poor ) beneficiaries, to FORCE illegal application for HCFA|CMS_State Medicaid HMO kickback conversion – eligibility poor.

    Crimianl ACT of CONGRESS — Public Corruption
    2010 – FEB — T18CFR1001CRIME – The Deaths: PATIENT DUMPING, are Due to Antitrust ENFORCEMENT Policies of / U.S. Attorney General ERIC HOLDER / the DEPARTMENT of Justice ‘ — HOUSE JUDICIARY – 24 FEB 2010 — 12:00 PM Noon — U.S. House H.R. 4626 just passed – Removal of the ( CLINTON Administration ) Anti Trust – http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/public/div_stats/1638.htm – Exemption for the Health Insurance Industry ‘ – T18CFR371CRIME – 1998 Deputy U.S. Attorney General ERIC HOLDER http://www.JUSTICE.gov/dag/pubdoc/HIPAA00ar21.htm – ( OBAMAs U.S. Attorney General ) National Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control ( HMO Regulation – T18CFR242CRIME ) TASK FORCE – Chair of the Task Force Devising the PLAN – HILLARY Rodham CLINTON, in collaboration with HHS OIG June Gibbs Brown|HCFA Medicare|Medicaid Administrator – Nancy DeParle ( OBAMAs Health Czar ) – http://oig.hhs.gov/fraud/selfdisclosure.asp – illegal agreement with Federal HMO Hospital Insurance Contractors — and SIX State Attorney Generals – 1. MIAG Jennifer Granholm https://www.facebook.com/jennifergranholm/info – and Wallace Hart HCF Division ( who was Convicted in 1992 of stealing 2.6 million in Tax payer funds ), using Hospital HHS ‘social workers’ for enactment ( Commission of a Felony ) of a Dispute Resolution Procedure – FULLY Launched in Michigan in 1999 – http://www.michigan.gov/documents/HMO_Complaint_Informationa_158401_7.htm – T18CFR242CRIME: criminal denial of Existing Federal – OPM FEHB etal., HMO hospital and nursing facility services: PATIENT DUMPING, and allowing federal HMO hospital Insurance contractor [ OPM FEHB – Health Alliance Plan, Wayne County Detroit MI ] – illegal billing defrauded individuals ( unjust enrichment ), to Force illegal application for CMS State Medicaid – HMO Hospital Insurance, Kickback conversion ~ eligibility poor: fraud resulting in physical injury and death – during the commission of a felony: Dispute Resolution Procedure: Patient Dumping ~ HHS OIG collects approximately $100,000 in ‘ Volentary Fines – http://oig.hhs.gov/fraud/selfdisclosure.asp ‘ from federal Hospital Insurance Contractors on EACH defrauded – RETIRED OPM FEHB and POOR – HCFA|CMS State MEDICAID — HMO Beneficiary / United States Citizen – Dems: YES 238 – Reps: NO 181
    4:00 PM HR 4626 regarding 1945 McCarron|Ferguson Act – Make Health Insurers subject to both State and Federal Regulations – Passed – 406 YES – 19 NO —- NOT Passed by the SENATE …. and the Dispute Resolution Procedure: PATIENT DUMPING Continues

  • Nick Cucinella

    Maybe the War of 1812 was created by corrupt government officials who were lawyers that feared its passage and other world leaders felt threaten by it. So the corrupt Senators decided to stand down and let the White House and Library of Congress burn down with all evidence of it ratification destroyed.

    • Bosatsu

      You mean our first 9/11.. Figures… Your post is entirely plausible…

  • PokeyBug

    Wow. This was an amazingly stupid waste of time.

    • Bosatsu

      And yet you post… Wasting more of your time, and now ours…

  • jimmyg59

    This is ARTICLE 13 NOT amendment 13!!! It was NEVER ratified by the proper number of states and therefore NOT an amendment to the constitution. AMENDMENT 13 is as follows

    Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
    Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

    • Bosatsu

      You might try reading the essay… That point was addressed… The original 13th was quietly dropped, replaced by Lincoln signing ‘states rights’ into stronger law, and then replaced again with the one you quote…

  • jimmyg59

    People need to study YOUR Constitution


  • jimmyg59

    Sorry it’s article I, section9

    9.8 No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

    • city zen

      This amendment proposed to strip them of citizenship too. But not lawyers!

  • Darren MacKay
  • Darren MacKay

    While Many of us live day to day, and paycheck to paycheck, if we can,

    Through many of our Struggles and Hardships- we look at why?

    Could things have been done differently?

    Many of us are Not Working, because we can’t work- perhaps because of Health Reasons, Workplace Injuries, Poor Economy, etc.

    Many Working for a Wage or Low Salary- think it’s because our Employers don’t want to pay a decent wage…. and we compare our money -To their money.

    Loosing our Property and Family, looking at Banks and Government Perhaps.

    Well all these things are quite intertwined…

    But I’ve often thought the reason was because we live in a Dictatorship.

    Blaming our Employers for Closing with High Profits,

    Governments Soaking Us with Taxes, Fines, Restrictions, Laws, etc. I think the Best and NOT so Best Know, and Have seen- How things can be so unfair…. How far does Humanities Problems Root?

    Lets have a Look at this Scenario: If we follow the money- and who controls it? Do you think it’s the Government? The IMF? Well, I think your Probably on the Money. But seldom do we look at the Very Head of Our Country, and Others: The Queen.

    Just how does she effect us? Do you know how much Countries GIVE and Pay to the Royal Family; and How Much Money they Have- and What She also Owns, and Controls, and Perhaps Who?

    Why with All The Struggles our Countries are having, Does the Queen do – Little to nothing, to help so many, when it’s within her Power?

    I would put forward, that perhaps there is a Pyramid Scheme? A Dictatorship?

    Perhaps like a Bunch of Ants- We All Work for the Queen/

    Pawns in the Ultimate Game of Chess!

    “… Political Correctness remains just what it was intended to be: a sophisticated and dangerous form of censorship and oppression, imposed upon the citizenry with the ultimate goal of manipulating, brainwashing and destroying our society.” — NewsMax.com http://greyfalcon.us/restored/Political%20correctness.htm

  • Steve Hart

    Great article, but good luck convincing the American people and better luck prompting them to do something about it. I’ve spent seven years trying to convince people what a Natural Born Citizen is and why BHO is not one. And now, why Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio are not either. Very few get it and fewer will do anything about it.

    • pacman925

      I know MANY People have been “fighting city hall”, but like the Tea Party group & Ron Paul 4 yrs ago & if we was growing well………IRS would clamp them down & would NOT allow Ron Paul to speak in the national media ! It would be nice if MILLIONS MORE OF USE CITIZENS was allowed to speak the TRUTH !! The Secret Societies are Real & OWN ALL the USA top corporations…….such as, Federal Reserve & we are NOT allowed to audit our money. We cannot to audit the healthcare, energy is suppressed, health is suppressed by big pharm, the court system support the corporation’s – not for the individuals……..Men Like myself, speak on facebook && We am very quickly BANNED !!
      It will take a lot more men & women !!

      I am working on a group out of Columbus, Ohio http://www.Represent.Us = anti corruption — Take a Look !!

  • HBD

    Great article. Problem will be getting anywhere with it. As they say, you can’t fight city hall!! We are so screwed!

    • Bosatsu

      No hero is EVER screwed… Am I a hero… That is only question… Are you… The final paragraph was about victory or defeat, fighting or giving up… Which will it be… Vote Bernie Sanders along with us, and awaken the American youth’s passion for justice…

      • Merida A McKnight

        A socialist is not a hero! How much “stuff” s he promising to “give” away!

        • talinmaplewood

          Democratic socialist, such as Norway, Sweden, and most Nordic countries. And actually Ron Paul and Bernie agree on a lot of things. You see with Democratic Socialism you get something for the taxes you pay. In the current system not so much. In Sweden when you are old they give a nice place to live, treat you with respect, everyone gets a GOOD education (though you probably would disagree is important as having a bunch of idiots running the place, as it is now, does no one any good except for the idiots running the place), medical care whether you have money or not, etc. Democratic Socialism is much better than the corrupt system we have created. Our founding fathers were trying to create a Democratic Socialist country. You know, freedom for all, for the good of all men (not just the rich and political elite). Don’t relate Bernie’s socialism with communism or more with fascism, as it is not and does not in any way resemble communism or fascism.
          And as far as “stuff to give away” what do you get now for the taxes you pay? You don’t get justice for justice is bought and sold. You do get to pay for your government getting involved in a bunch of wars that don’t concern us that only achieve in getting defense contractors rich and our sons killed. And the defense contractors don’t even provide employment to us by making the weapons here anymore, they outsource it to “communist” China. Bernie as president would be a lot better than Trump (who is corporate America) or Hillary (who is owned by corporate America, and a crook on top of it). If Bernie were president at least you’d get something for the hard earned money you send to the IRS every year. And your taxes would go down because everyone would be working. Take away the “free” trade pacts that screwed us all and we could all be making a decent living again instead of providing some 13 year old Chinese girl our jobs at 69 cents an hour and giving General Electric a tax break for doing so.

          • JIm Robbins

            If socialism is so great, why has there never been even one socialist government that has ever succeeded?

            All socialist governments collapse in to chaos and then into a dictatorship, which is exactly what happened to Greece and Rome, the first socialistic societies.

            Witness the FORMER Soviet Union and Venezuela is the most recent example. This was a country that was so prosperous and productive that it used to export food. Today, after Hugo Chavez screwed over the country, they have to import food and inflation is totally out of control, 1000+%. The country is on the verge of complete collapse.

            You are a typical liberal idiot. You live in your own idealist alternate universe totally out of touch with reality, lacking common sense.

            Idiots like you have given Demoncrats too much power, elected a homosexual Muslim terrorist as President and you are why this country
            is in such poor shape – the worst in history and on the verge of collapse.

            Why don’t you wake up, take a look around (get your head out of your ass) and see what is really going on in this country.

    • Merida A McKnight

      Not if we all stand up to them! Not if we take the time to educate our young!

    • Cathy Reulbach

      This has been debunked.
      “An insufficient number of states ratified the Titles of Nobility
      Amendment (“TONA”) to make it part of the Constitution. 17 But,
      although mostly forgotten in this century, the amendment was more
      than just a footnote to history in the last century. Well into the second
      half of the nineteenth century, some textbooks, state compilations of
      law, and even on one occasion a compilation of law published under
      the auspices of Congress erroneously included TONA as if ratified.'”
      Further, after the ratification of the Twenty-seventh Amendment to
      the Constitution in 1992, scholars noted that if James Madison’s
      amendment could be ratified after 203 years, there was no immediately
      obvious reason why TONA was not still viable, if still far distant
      from becoming part of the Constitution.’

  • Steve Hermann

    Was not Abraham Lincoln a lawyer at one time?

    • city zen

      He was a lawyer at many times

  • Jdawg Laurence

    So this would essentially disallow for superdelegates to have more political say than any other American? Wow, this really could be huge.

    • city zen

      where the hell did you get that??!?! Can you read?

  • Bill Turner

    13/4/16. Since its invention (in the 7th century) , anyone today, using the words “peace / armistice” etc. knows nothing about maniacal, mercy-less muz-lam. This medieval (genocidal) simple-plan for simpleton / crime-against-humanity (and still is).1.infiltrate 2. subvert. 3. kill. plus its fantasy-Santa , (Mass-Murder-Motivator /Planet-Replacer) “MAHDI”, concocted to help motivate the massacre of local (Semite) neighbors, plus steal all land / products / assets in all the (then) known, world)..This en-slaving / death-squad mercenary-mafia, (camouflaged now as a religion) has never been civilized, (or sane) wanted or needed, or productive, or beneficial to anyone (including mentally-enslaved mo-slums) anywhere, or at any time. It is now insanely-rich and insanely-insane, (and totally out of time and totally out of hand.) known today as the ASPIS (the Egyptian/Arabian-Cobra/Asp).. Because the letters spell out “Apartheid, Supremacist, Parasitic, Insane-Shitheads”……and is also known as FSSPSS…. Foot-Shootingly-Sand-Pit Stupid, Savages, ……and is also as MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMW (Medieval (very-evil), Malignant, Muzzee-Mafia, Mahdi-Motivated-Mercenaries, Mosque-Mutant Merciless , Mulla-Money Mad, Masquerading, Migrating, Maniacal, Maggots, Misogynist, Mate-Masturbating, Mass-Murdering, Media-Manipulating, Mythology-Memorizing, Martyrs-in-Waiting, Mentally-Moronic, Mindless/ Middle-less (gutless) Mongrels ,. ………….. These “sewer-slide bombers” are both media-darlings and pride of the family. What a joke, these are just juvenile-mentality, selfish, over-eager-rapists, who can’t count (or wait for the third (the mass-killing) stage 3). …My prediction is, that none of the WW2, “anti-Semitic trinity”, (Vatican, Germany or Mecca) will be bombed (duh duh and duh)……… ……….. This note, is all actually just a update, of that old, old, Arab warning (since the 8th century) …”never trust a moslum”…… So I ayatollah you too, muz-lam is just a pyramid-scam, where everyone loses / dies and don’t forget the media says, it’s all your fault / give me your mind and your money (usually both)………………………………………………………… ………………………. ……………… ………………… ..After having plagiarized (stolen) a lot of “people-control” ideas, including a “moon” god/dog (from other “religions/cults”,), muz-slam has now lifted physical and psychological warfare / deception / torture / stupidity / cruelty, etc. to unprecedented new levels. It exists today, as now the richest band of murder-glorifing, ( happily stab you in the street) deluded, sewer-slidal thieves. Ever…….. ………. It is (and has, always been) criminal, devious, petty, (and foot-shootingly destructive),,,,,,,,,,,,, with the insane, criminal, street-gang-mentality intention, of existing only, to cripple and kill, anything that looks likely to prolong, a civilized, or on-going future (for any non-moslum, anywhere)……… ……………….. muz-lam (still today), demands infidel-genocide, (as a prerequisite to their motivational-invention, “mahdi”, to “arrive” with a new “rape-heven / pedo-paradise” replacement planet, loaded with free sex-slaves. This is why they chant praise the prophet, not the planet. This expected fantasy-planet, (with no jails or ugly goats), is what their un-elected, un-electable, circle-jerking Imams, still (legally) promise them today. Plus their benchmark-model, (for all activity), is a notorious pedophile-gangster (who is still giving (all) bearded-creeps a bad name). ……………………Or did I miss something? Do Muzi-mass-murderers, really only stay muzi, for the music ? (the muzi on the bus, go bang bang bang,,,,,,,, is shooting up the charts ???) ??? And According to the media, up is now down, right is now left, round is now flat and as usual, it’s all your fault………. and can only be fixed by you, maxing out your children’s credit card, ( to feed and house the current mass of swarming, deluded and depraved, ji-hobbist, muzi-rapist / genocidal-assassins / wasters-in-waiting, (and who the media now also insist, all deserve a peace prize)…………………….. And so, who of you will continue to tolerate, their media-endorsed “Victim-card” waving ? And/or clap them in and sing their praises ?? The muzi, on the boat, go, WAVE wave WAVE, wave WAVE wave, WAVE wave WAVE, the Invaders on the boat go, Wave wave Wave, slash-SHOOT-stab & KICK.) …………Its not personal, they are “mosque-groomed / programmed” to think of any non-moslum, as edible-protein . Did you know ? under the muz-lumic DIARRHEA-“LAW”, (their west African slaving codes) any muzi, can kill any non-moslum (including you) legally ? Everything Hitler and Hussani combined to do in WW2, was legal (unethical, inhuman and disgusting, but sharia “legal”). NOTE. muz-slum was founded on mass property theft, mass male murder, and mass female sex slavery and mass petty-savagery and mass-cruelty, generally. But today, the now muzi-controlled UN/UM (Uncultured Muzi) says, No, that’s not a war-crime (or crime against humanity, but anyone doing anything to stop it /expose it, is……….. .MMMMMMMM … …….. Muz-lam has always been a (pyramid-scam) fantasy dead-end, (everyone loses/dies) but today, to over 1.6 billion (1 billion, being “successfully” kept as illiterate-zombies) . But to all the muz-lumic “martyrs-in-waiting” (cretin / pawns), it’s all still a “real” preoccupation-compulsion. And still trying to be the “glorious-perfect-storm” (that will never features on any media weather-report)………. .. Stage 3. The muzlamic-final-solution ji-had (for world-oblivion ) camouflaged (but continuous) since its invention. Demonstrated in WW2 when Mufti hussani went to convince Hitler, to change his “demonize and deport Jews” to “demonize and kill Jews” ( to self-for-fill / fit, the colonic /koranic-proficy / the “mahdi-wardy” requirement). ………. ………….But nowadays you are the “problem” always blamed for everything, (including pausing the muz-lamic maniacs, in WW2) but most of muzi’s insane killing, has always been between the muzi-Stage 1. (loafers/sluts) and the muzi-Stage 2 or 3. (over-eager rapists / murderers). This is because, there is no such thing as a “normal” muzi. (All are either too muzi, or not-enough muzi), and they have been happily killing each other, for 14000 years because they both are promised (believe) they are the ones, getting the virgins/wine etc. ………………….. …… This tradition of self-culling cannibalism, has kept most of the world reasonably safe, but now, with unlimited fossil-oil funds, bribery is turbo-charging a political-correct, “deceive and disarm” / “break your will / and your reserves, ” (their ji-had stage 2. strategy), and now by funding (co-opting) mercenary useful-idiots , thieves/ parasites, (any socialist rent-a-mob , who hope / believe, that the koran-codile will eat them last) (if they think at all, Fn useless-idiots) has boosted islumic-insanity (foot-shooting destruction) to a new disgusting, world-wide level. And so, the ever-vicious (and pointless) muz-lumic subversion / cruelty / deception / bombings / shootings /slashing / stabbings / etc. continues. And as you hear endlessly in the “media”,,,,,, Its all your fault. ..,,,,,,,,,,,, …. And like all complicit mo-slimes, O’vomit has done his bit, using useful-idiot (socialist-demo-rats, fools-as-tools) to deliberately waste $$$$$ 19 Squillion to date, (plus commit taxpayers to a further 200 zillion debt ). Its all tax-payers dollars (and that’s 19 thousand billion) (and each billion is 1,000 million.) more than this POS POTUS muzi puppet’s socialist / communist / muzlamist (whatever) government, has stolen from your “soon to be starving/ fighting for their sanity/life” grand-children. Competing now with not only new muzi-subversives, migrating in to USA, illegally (in contravention of the 1952 subversive-immigration public-law 414,) at a rate, 4 time the recommended / sustainable level for bona-fide immigrants, plus also the swarm of undocumented non-taxpaying invaders (who will be (democrat-allowed to vote for) a free-lunch, at your expense)….. ….. And is it mussi or moossi ? does anyone know /care ? I don’t want to offend anyone / and I don’t even know, if being burnt-alive is better or worse than being buried-alive) but hey, with muzzi, they make-up so much, (I doubt if even they know, which way is up). It’s like trying to find out who/was/is, barry soetoro the son of ? Obviously not of his (supposed) black (Kenyan) muzi-father and one of his 5 black wives ? . Most witnesses (all his past, colorful, drug-filled “handsome-friends”,) are now all conveniently dead, or erased (or both). (like any witnesses to the Clinton crime-cartel). Just the cross-dressing photos (of the cocaine-creep), in the gay-green jump-suit (and long green (smoke-able) brothel-boots) remain. Most people know, that this golfing wanna-be, Indonesian/Arab air-head, cue-card snorting cretin, is just another media-promoted-bastard, and not in-character enough, to ever warrant another Bong./ Gong. (You know what I mean)……..Already, America has only a big pile of financial-vandalism / society-vandalism, and now (like Europe) a fatalistic muzlami-tsunami invasion of towel-headed, cotton-brained, contemptuous supremicist nutters, blocking the roadways with their bums in the air (and their hand deep in your wallet) to show for it ………….. .These pathetic / parasitic hand-biters, will continue to destroy what they can, for as long as they can, wherever they can (plus havin’ a laugh, ripping off infidels by demanding everything, funded by you, paying halal tax / plus dole-paying for all their accommodation (for all their mutilated wives and brats) etc. etc.. The mad-mullas don’t need the money (they are already rich enough to fund/control, most USA/world media/politics, plus financially prop-up totalitarian-muzi-states like Malaysia ) its just to lord it over infidels, (weaken you mentally, and kebab you slowly). They are good at it, they have been doing it for 1400 hundred years. duh………………..Every sane person knows that the media is shit, and socialism is an unsustainable, totalitarian croc, but Muz-lam, the extensively, (and expensively-decorated and disguised), marble-encrusted, square-wheel (with an unfix-able-puncture) that has has never worked anywhere, (at any time, or could even survive) without continuous, petty, brutal, 7th century, intimidation, cruelty, stolen funds, and mass propaganda / hypnosis, is a genuine trojan-camel…….. Yes muz-lam is the turd with no clean end. Millions of passed moslums (and millions more assorted non-moslums), totaling around 270 million already, burned to death / buried alive, flogged or stoned to death etc. Anyone remaining now, is usually blind-sides by the incessant media-propagandist “in-joke”, that muz-lam is/was a religion / ethical (or beneficial). media conveniently burying most of the 29,000 pointless muz-lumic terror attacks (your time /money / empathy wasting) distractions since 9/11….. ….. But now, with muzi having access to unlimited fossil-oil money, plus unlimited use of socialist flag-waving union-thugs / (and suddenly rich) un-employables, means that “useful-idiot” control of your sanity / mind / sustenance, is well under way. The Brussels/ Paris /London type bombings is not about killing, that is just a mind-intimidating (but incidental) headline. It is a “break the will” ji-had (and in particular the economy) of the civilized, so expenditure on Police / soldiers / courts / medicos will now cost 10-100 times more and for what ? Muzi will just punch another baby (in another pram) somewhere else, like they have always done. … ………… …….They don’t need extra money, Muz-lamic fossil-feuled-fookwits are now so rich, they now have 2 meccas (the original one in the north that the old mosques point to) and now the sand-pit theme-park in the south, where last year 2,000 muzi-zombies trampled each other to death (while “religiously” kissing stones), plus then the beheading of a few dozen more essential scape-goats, (allah ? was probably needing even-more ? muz-lumic, petty-brutality ?) . ………………… ………………………. …….. ..Be warned, your wondering (and these observations) may take 4/5/6 (or more) cold-beers (to full blend and digest the implications ), but surely it was time ? That somebody told it like it is.?. That 7th century muz-lam, has been doing the same “sand-pit-shit” (extorting /vandalizing /raping and killing), for 1400 years (and still motivated by the same delusion, that their dreamtime-santa (madhi) will definitely reward their mass-murdering, with a new planet “flatter-than-flat” somewhere else.. And Yes all moslums are bare faced-liars .Its called Taqiyya and its compulsory. (No matter how they dress, (to mingle with the civilized) or where their contemptuous-heads, end up.)…….. . To a muz-slumic-zombie, the words peace /armistice / cease-fire etc…….. mean nothing (except a convenient-opportunity to rearm (usually with (food/water-controlled) human-shields) and install SAMs in minarets, and stock-pile armaments and assassins/rapists-in-waiting (in Police “no go” zones all over the civilized world ). Like Sweden now, has 55 NGZs and is now also, the gang-rape, capitol of Europe (but the media doesn’t know why, also they don’t know why smokers can end-up with black-lung, or why Rolf Harris didn’t just say, he was a moslum (and got “case-dismissed”) Or why Bull Shitten ethics, are as fake as a “Syrian” passport ???????. But I digress…….. You may have gone to school, but here is no “laugh-track” (or free lunch) in the real world, where there is only 2 types of people, the BUILDERS Vs the BREAKERS, (sometimes called the PATRIOTS, Vs the PARASITES / or tax-paying PATRIOT-SLAVES, Vs the totalitarian-(KKK/Nazi) SOCIALIST-PARASITES .(or the real allah-phant in the room, MUZI Vs the PLANET). ……….. For any females, (who are only muzi-tolerated at all, because of their brat-breeding bellies / capabilities) who have to survive at, moronic/ muz-lumic-contamination level (and intimidation level), stages 2. or 3, the muz-lumic “cloth-chloroform” (burka / burker / schmurker) does conveniently hide their abuse. The bruises, broken bones, whip scars, acid burns, the remains of their nose and ears and other pink bits (plus their master’s radio-controlled, bomb-belt ). And for any other female, anywhere, at any time, and still with their “dangily-bits”, or educated, or independent, or outspoken, or car driving, and no bag on head ? Then You probably already know, its not looking good, for you. …………….. ………. ……………………….Personal “religious freedom” means, if you want to believe the world is square (with 5 corners) go right ahead, (and most constitutions allows that). But what any ethical-civilization does not allow, is forcing 3rd party-adherence to this sort of nonsense, ( by any mafia, masquerading as / calling itself, a “personal-religious-belief”)………. NOTE. muzi-zombies have no right of personal religious-freedom, productive-education, or of freedom of thought (or speech). or civilized-association, (just assassination). If you ever see “ex-moslums” on the street /on mass, (without a bag (or beard) on their heads) shouting free at last, free at last .Which can only mean one thing, Get a coat, (as hell is about to freeze over)…you are being conned, plus the media is being bribed / black-mailed (or both), to be part of the muzzee-mardhi-mission, to kill you (and yours) off. And So yes, millions more will die, needlessly (and cruelly in the meantime), all for muz-lam’s Stage 3/ Reward 4.. which will never be totally successful, because the world is too big and round (so mahdi will never cum) so it will all be for nothing (but anyone sane, knows that already). ……………NOTE. All “prophets” are just psychotic / schizophrenic, “guessers” (or spokes-persons, for the voices in their head) ……Too cleva 99 ? Too true ? Too late ?. ……………… The “muziway-start” was/ is, to “cretinized-children”, into contemptuous, supremacist, (criminally-deluded) destructive shit-heads / confident rapists (and still is today)……… Then on into, the “Trojan-muzlumic-Camel”… . Stage 1. Deceive and infiltrate ……Stage 2. Subvert and weaken…. Stage 3. convert or kill …… .Then ‘mahdi” will come with the new “flatter-than-flat” replacement planet and every muzi gets drunk, in a river of wine (and with your children as their sex-slaves, to “float-their-boats”) ……..Like Mr Sharptongue’s brown-shirt muzi-panthers, with a (media-ji-had) “artistic-version” of history / reality,/future (but with the “proven-to-work, (race-card-victim, sob-sob stories” ) are now (in stage 1-2.) invading countywide (and worldwide), migrating ( masquerading) as deserving? -“refugees”? . Today the media prostitutes (with their politically-correct, blatant lies) are encouraging our “too-gullible dreamer-children”, to welcome in, their own destruction , (via these muz-lumic cancer-escapers? ( but who are still really, muz-lam-infected, and on a “spread muz-lam” ji-had)……….. Muz-lam is the problem, always was, always will be. Remember the old old Arab warning (from the 8th century ?) never trust a muzzee? Just as valid(Ali) today……. muzi still say Christian-Crackling is to die for (and you can’t tell it not pork). Time to get a gun and start practicing shooting vermin. … ……….. … Feel free to add your own observations (and wisdom) to this treatise’ on muz-lumic genocidal subversion-insanity, and then send on, to any other deluded “do-gooders” you may know (today’s usually too-civilized / too-young / too media-brainwashed “ostriches” )….And educate the Nongs with, For example. Marriage is a legally binding, financial business arrangement, between consenting adults, of sound mind. How hard was that ? (and not between a pedophile and four juvenile, de-clitted beasts of burden). But a “religion” the media still insists ? Hopefully, you now know why they push that crap . ………………. …… … A lot of (now media-demonized / media-ridiculed ) good people, died in world wars to give us (and in trust, to you) the freedom / opportunities (and obligation) to advance / (at least maintain) civilization (80%+ / 20%-). The unholy WW2 trinity, of anti-Semitic nazi / muzi and micks, are getting back in step again as we speak, thanks to socialist-idiot (east) German, Anglia Mercle (plus the dope with the rope) washing their feet ………… ………………… ..We may all be, fleas on a dog,,,,,,,, all be out-of-Africa,,,,, and despite all carrying 1-4% Neanderthal-(monkey) genes, are all one “race”, (the human race) not all equally sane or civilized, (or want to, or are allowed to be), but we are all legally indigenous to wherever, we happened to be born. ………. And for the progress of humanity, democracy and enlightenment anywhere (and for the age-old question, which flea owns the dog), there is a balance ratio-rule, between the ethical tax-paying, PATRIOTIC-BUILDERS, (who, for the benefit of a real-world, civilized future, needing to be 80% or greater, ) and the BREAKER-PARASITES (kept below 20% max.)……(or the continuous muzi-warfare, will become more visible again, in what will probably be then called WW Flare-up No.3)…but I digress ……..P.S. the “I” in islum is for Immature / Illiterate /Ignorant /Insane /Irresponsible /Idiot /In-bred /Ingrates /In-sheep …………………………………….

    • Matt M Matthew

      Bravo. The true Beast of Revelation 13:18 “let the one with the wisdom calculate the number of the Beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is 666”
      In Civil Construction, we use 666 as the multiplier to achieve 2/3’s of any measured product. With The Birth Certificate Contract that captures all as a Corporate Strawman Fiction, The Crown of the Knights Templar, The Knights of Malta, The Catholics, and today, better known as The Vatican, that is The Beast of Revelation 13:18 The Vatican owns the “Living Man” and holds The Original Title to the Abandoned Vessel your parents leave behind when we are born (the Berthing Sack) At age 5 we are legally considered Lost at Sea and after 7 years, Legally Dead being lost at Sea for 7 full years. That is why if born prior to 1960, we were not issued a Social Security until our 8th Birthday. Just another of the many Corporate Captures along the way. This link will take to you the real rulers of this Country and was done so prior to Columbus sailed the Ocean Blue in 14 hundred and 92. About 85% of the way down the page towards the end.

      Further research, has led to why we are called Caucasians and that we come from the Bloodline of Jacob Israel and are the true Israelite’s and of The 12 Tribes of Israel. Not the geographic location as you will burn standing with that location, but of Jacob once called Israel. He had 13 children, 12 boys and 1 girl. They came from the Caucasus Mountains in what is today’s Palestine as their height carried White Snow Caps and could be seen from sea. They are fair skinned, Blue and Green eyed, with blond and light brown and brown hair, and are the only race on the planet that can Suntan. Scattered to the far reaches of Europe and onto America by The Romans, Constantine, and the Catholics during the Inquisition. It’s not “Rocket Science” just a love of humanity, truth, and all the glory to Him.We are here to fight the one’s cast down into this Dimension by Michael. We will not fail!
      ucc 1-308

  • ninety Davis

    If you read it properly, both parts depend on the title dtriving from a foreign power. Your entire thesis then falls apart.

    • Christopher Roxby

      Yes. If this article is correct at all, then No Lawyer can be a citizen of the U.S.

      I find it difficult to believe that this was the intent of the framers. Some of them, after all, practiced Law.

  • herbprof

    The Internet’s distinct configuration may have facilitated anonymous threats, copyright infringement, and cyberattacks, but it has also kindled the flame of freedom in ways that the framers of the American constitution would appreciate – the Federalist papers were famously authored pseudonymously. Jonathan Zittrain

    • deanharrington

      Interesting … have references?

  • Ricker

    OK, so which American lawyer received his/her “title of nobility” from a foreign power? The PROPOSED BUT NEVER RATIFIED 13th Amendment only applied to foreign-granted titles of nobility. That fundamental premise seems to have been completely overlooked by this commentator. Thus, it is all BS that follows.

    • city zen

      ya think?

      these idiots couldnt research and logic their way out of a paper bag.

      A constitutional amendment to strip lawyers of citizenship?! You have to be high on crack to believe that crap

  • ChillyinAlaska

    Trump 2016——NOT A LAWYER!

    • talinmaplewood

      Yeah but he owns a lot of them. I don’t dislike the guy but do you really think he’s in this to help anyone but himself? And I know Hillary is as crooked as a mountain road too. Neither one of them wants the power to help anyone but themselves. Banks don’t like Bernie, Wall Street doesn’t like Bernie, most politicians don’t like Bernie hence I like Bernie.

  • James D Vaughn

    Sure do like it if written correctly!

  • SMH2much

    Go figure. My favorite candidate, Darrell Castle of the Constitution Party, & his pick for vp (Scott) are both attorneys.
    Looks like Austin Petersen for the win.

  • Chris Pratt

    We will never stop fighting until we’ve dismantled this Alogarchy that has infected our country. We must restore our government and place the power back in the hands of the American people. We are in dangerous times. Our Nation does not belong to big Banks and corporations!! If it continues they will have forced the people’s hand.

  • Conservative Mark

    The country would be better off without lawyers and the uber rich in office.

  • Bobby Lynn

    I read the entire article and read the “knowledgeable”comments. It seems this is NOT a topic that carries any weight and was intended to keep out Foreign given Titles and money out of the government. While we know politicians receive money from foreign “people/ entities” no one is fighting that point. Term Limits and political finance reform and eliminating the lifetime benefits is the only way to stop what is going on in Washington. Politicians should be forced to live by the laws that they impose on the people. Right now we have politicians writing laws that they absolve themselves from following. This is an Oligarchy and cannot continue. The 13th Amendment argument is a waste of time and cannot be resolved and no politician would support enacting or ratifying such an amendment.

  • NickRWright, son of The Christ

    Judge Judy says America will be a monarchy soon…like a real one. So a 13th Amendment would be relevant in ensuring Divine Right doesn’t sell his people away…not the no lawyer theory that takes a whole thesis to imply/corroborate.

  • Cathy Reulbach

    It’s been Debunked. “An insufficient number of states ratified the Titles of Nobility
    Amendment (“TONA”) to make it part of the Constitution. 17 But,
    although mostly forgotten in this century, the amendment was more
    than just a footnote to history in the last century. Well into the second
    half of the nineteenth century, some textbooks, state compilations of
    law, and even on one occasion a compilation of law published under
    the auspices of Congress erroneously included TONA as if ratified.'”
    Further, after the ratification of the Twenty-seventh Amendment to
    the Constitution in 1992, scholars noted that if James Madison’s
    amendment could be ratified after 203 years, there was no immediately
    obvious reason why TONA was not still viable, if still far distant
    from becoming part of the Constitution.’ 9″

  • sirwiley

    Now we have disbarred crooked lawyers in government! Even criminal fraud President!

  • city zen

    Oh my god dude. Get a life.

    This says that people given titles would be STRIPPED OF CITIZENSHIP.

    Many people who voted for this were lawyers! So you expect us to believe they were going to strip themselves of citizenship?! And to have a country with no lawyers?!?!

    How much crack did you smoke for breakfast?

  • GetItRight2016

    What a stretch, the 13 ammendment was never ratified by the needed number of states. Lawyers earn their title / license through study and passing a test. So it’s really not an unearned title of nobility bestowed upon someone. We do not have titles of nobility in this country.

  • Robert ringer


  • police state

    well they did get it wrong at one point, Saying the lawyers would be politically motivated and not Comercially motivated. Lawyers are both they want to stay in office by any means, While building up as much wealth and power they possibly can without raising suspicion.But if this Ammendment has not been ratified then it needs to be piut forward again for the people to vote on